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Contents of the 2018 China Agricultural and Rural Development Report

Source:MARA Date:2020-05-27
Foreword

Executive Summary

Agricultural Development in 2017 1

General Situation 3

Crop Production 6

Animal Husbandry 14

Veterinary Services 19

Fishery 28

Forestry 35

Land Reclamation 3 8

Agricultural Mechanization 40

Crop Seed Industry 43

Agro-product Prices and Market 49

Agro-product Imports and Exports 55

Agricultural Comprehensive Development 60

Feed Industry 64

Grassland Protection and Construction 67

Protection of Aquatic Life Resources and Aquatic Ecological Restoration 68

Agro-processing 72

Leisure Agriculture and Rural Tourism 75

Crop Disease and Pest Prevention and Control 77

Agricultural Market System Construction 80

Agricultural Informatization 85

Agro-products Quality Safety Management 88

National Modern Agriculture Demonstration Area Construction 89

Agricultural Scientific Research, Generalization and Education 92

Agricultural and Rural Talent Team Building 100

Agricultural Administrative Capacity Building 103

Agricultural Disasters 107

Agricultural Resources and Environment Protection 113

Agricultural International Cooperation and Exchange 118

Rural Development in 2017 123

General Situation 125

Rural Population and Employment 128

Agricultural and Rural Water Conservation Construction 130

Rural Electric Power Development 135

Rural Traffic Construction 138

Rural Residence Governance 139

Rural Education 141

Rural Culture 143

Rural Health Care 146

Rural Social Security 149

Rural Residents’ Income and Consumption 151

Rural Poverty Alleviation and Development 153

Agricultural and Rural Policies in 2017 157

Overall Evaluation 159

Financial Support in Agriculture 161

Deeply Implement Food Crop Production Strategy Based on Farmland Management and Technological Application 165

Promote Rural Green Development 172

Confirmation, Registration and Certification of Rural Land Contracting and Management Rights 175

Lightening Farmers’ Burdens 179

Develop Different Forms of Appropriately Scaled-up Operations 182

Reform of Rural Land Acquisition, Collective Operation Construction Land Entering Market, and Homestead System 187

Construction of Rural Reform Pilot Areas 190

Deepening Reform on Rural Collective Property Rights System 191

Promoting the Development of Farmers’ Cooperatives 194

Cultivating New-type Professional Farmers 200

Deepening Seed Industry System Reform 201

Agricultural Machinery Subsidy Policy 206

Rural Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Industry Integrated Development 208

Deepening Rural Financial Reform 209

Advancing the Comprehensive Reform on the Agriculture Water Price 213

Improve the Operation and Control Policies of Important Agro-products 217

Grass-root Agricultural Technology Promotion System Reform and Construction 218

Forestry Policy 220

Rural Labor Transfer 223

Rural Entrepreneurship and Innovation 225

Building the Rural Governance System 227

Enhance Agricultural Legal Construction 229

Agricultural and Rural Development and National Economy of 2017 233

Overall Evaluation 235

Agriculture’s Contribution to National Economy 236

Agriculture and National Income Distribution 238

Proportional Relation of Industrial and Agricultural Development 240

Income Gap between Urban and Rural Residents 241

Consumption Difference of Urban and Rural Residents 243

Regional Economic Development Disparity 245

The Agricultural and Rural Development Trend in 2018 249

Development Goals and Tasks 251

Conditions for Agricultural and Rural Development 253

Agricultural and Rural Development Trend Judgment 260

2017 Agricultural and Rural Chronicle of Events 265

Figure

Figure 1 Acreages of Different Crops in 2000 and 2017 4

Figure 2 Total Output of Grain from 2000 to 2017 7

Figure 3 Total Output of Cotton from 2000 to 2017 7

Figure 4 Total Output of Oil-bearing Crops from 2000 to 2017 8

Figure 5 Total Output of Sugar-bearing Crops from 2000 to 2017 8

Figure 6 Total Output of Fruits from 2000 to 2017 9

Figure 7 Total Output of Meat from 2000 to 2017 15

Figure 8 Total Output of Aquatic Products from 2000 to 2017 29

Figure 9 Monthly Wholesale Prices of Pork, Silver Carp and Vegetables in 2017 50

Figure 10 Producer Price Indices of Farm Products and Price Indices of Means of Agricultural Production from 2000 to 2017 50

Figure 11 Usage and Price Indices of Chemical Fertilizers from 2000 to 2017 51

Figure 12 Monthly Retail Prices of Urea in 2017 51

Figure 13 Usage and Retail Price Indices of Pesticides from 2000 to 2017 52

Figure 14 Production and Imports of Chemical Fertilizers from 2000 to 2017 52

Figure 15 Urban and Rural Consumer Price Indices from 2000 to 2017 54

Figure 16 Agro-product Exports in Proportion to National Total from 2000 to 2017 55

Figure 17 Agro-product Imports in Proportion to National Total from 2000 to 2017 56

Figure 18 Imports and Exports of Grain (not including soybeans) from 2000 to 2017 56

Figure 19 Changes in the Number of Enterprises Engaged in Processing Agricultural Products in 2016, 2017 72

Figure 20 Changes in the Profits of Enterprises Engaged in Processing Agricultural Products in 2016, 2017 73

Figure 21 Areas of Disaster-hit Farmland from 2000 to 2017 108

Figure 22 Agricultural Values Added in Proportion to GDP from 2000 to 2017 237

Figure 23 Income of Urban and Rural Residents from 2000 to 2017 239

Figure 24 Average Per Capita Living Expenses of Rural Residents from 2000 to 2017 244

Figure 25 Proportion of Retail Sales of Rural Consumer Goods from 2000 to 2017 244

Figure 26 Average Per Capita Disposable Income of Rural Residents in 2017 (by Provinces, Autonomous Regions and Municipalities) 247

Column

Column 1 Pilot project for the protection and utilization of black soil in Northeast China 12

Column 2 Steady progress in the utilization of livestock and poultry manure 16

Column 3 New achievements in modern dairy development 17

Column 4 Comprehensively strengthen H7N9 flu prevention and control 22

Column 5 Launch 100-day campaign on fighting against illegal actions on meant quality and safety 27

Column 6 Implementing the management system for marine fishery resources 30

Column 7 “Liangjian 2017” series of fishery special enforcement actions 34

Column 8 Big-data information platform construction of national agro-product crops 44

Column 9 Construction of National Southern Research and Breeding Base (Hainan) 48

Column 10 Establishing grain-production functional areas and major agro-product production protection areas 62

Column 11 In-depth implementation of transferring grain-crops to feed-crops in order to promote agricultural restructuring 66

Column 12 Year of Agricultural Brand Promotion 83

Column 13 Construction of National Modern Agricultural Industrial Park 90

Column 14 Pilot Zone on National Agricultural Sustainable Development 92

Column 15 Promoting the Construction of National Agricultural Science and Technology Innovation Alliance 96

Column 16 Construction of Science and Technology Innovation Center of National Modern Agricultural Industry 98

Column 17 Construction of National Agricultural Science and Education Cloud Platform 100

Column 18 Campaign on Organic Fertilizer Replacing Chemical Fertilizer 116

Column 19 Newly added 20 million mu of high-efficiency water-saving irrigation project construction in 2017 132

Column 20 Notice on Printing and Distributing the Requirements for Establishing and Improving the Long-term Mechanism for Powering Rural Wells from National Energy Administration and other Two Departments 137

Column 21 “Thousand Villages Demonstration and Ten Thousand Villages Renovation” project in Zhejiang 140

Column 22 Heze, Shandong comprehensively promotes the trend of changing customs, leading the new style of rural civilization 144

Column 23 Achievements in the construction of rural medical care system since the 18th National Congress of the CPC 148

Column 24 Vigorously promote agricultural production custody 177

Column 25 Rapid development of family farms 185

Column 26 Revision of the Law on Farmers’ Specialized Cooperatives 197

Column 27 National Rural Entrepreneurship and Innovation Park 226

Appendix 275

Table 1 Status of Rural Economy in National Economy 276

Table 2 Output Values of Crop Plantation, Forestry, Husbandry and Fishery (in current-year prices) 277

Table 3 Material Conditions for Agricultural Production 278

Table 4 Crop Acreage 279

Table 5 Natural Disasters, Waterlogging Control and Solodization 280

Table 6 Output of Major Farm Produce 281

Table 7 Livestock, Poultry and Aquatic Farming 282

Table 8 Major Economic Indicators of Agricultural Products Processing Industry (Unit: 100 million yuan) 283

Table 9 Supply, Demand and Prices of Rice 284

Table 10 Supply, Demand and Prices of Wheat 285

Table 11 Supply, Demand and Prices of Corn 286

Table 12 Supply, Demand and Prices of Soybeans 287

Table 13 Output, Imports and Exports of Grain and Edible Vegetable Oil 288

Table 14 Output, Import and Export of Cotton and Sugar 289

Table 15 Production, Consumption, Import and Export of Pork 290

Table 16 Production, Imports and Prices of Chemical Fertilizers and Pesticides 291

Table 17 Per Capita Income of Urban and Rural Residents 292

Table 18 Per Capita Spending of Urban and Rural Residents 293

Table 19 Price Indices 294

Table 20 Producer Price Indices of Farm Products 295

Table 21 Classified Retail Price Indices in Urban and Rural Areas 296

Table 22 Wholesale Prices of “Vegetable Basket” Products 297

Table 23 State Revenue and Expenditure 298

Postscript 299

Note: The above information is sourced from the2018 China Agricultural and Rural Development Report. To learn more please contact: +86 10 59194918.

Relevant Annexes: